About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

2 Mark Swilling and Michael Philips "Reform, Security and White Power; A Rethinking State Strategies in the 1980s," paper presented at the annual conference of the Association of Sociology of South Africa, University of Durban-Westville, July 1988.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.