About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1990

Ø     Mandela Release and unbanning of political organisations.

Ø     Did De Klerk / NP concede on majority rule?

Ø     The economy: nationalisation / free market / privatisation.

Ø     Discussions on the way forward negotiations, constituent assembly, power sharing.

Ø     Fears of whites.

Ø     The threat of the right wing.

Ø     Buthelezi.

Ø     Natal Violence ethnic or political.

Ø     Start of violence in the Transvaal train attacks.

Ø     Competing nationalisms.

Ø     Influence of the Communist Party on the ANC.

Ø     Launch of SACP in July.

Ø     Expectations,

Ø     Obstacles and stumbling blocks,

Ø     Disaffected youth,

Ø     Groote Schuur Minute,

Ø     Pretoria Minute

Ø     Return of exiles

Ø     Demands for release of prisoners

Ø     Talks about talks

Ø     Suspension of armed struggle.

Ø     The role of COSATU and the unions.

Ø     Amnesty / indemnity for returnees.

Ø     The role of the PAC.

Ø     ANC conference December 1990.

Ø     Should whites apologise?

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.