About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1992

Ø     White's only referendum

Ø     De Klerk's interpretation of his mandate.

Ø     CODESA negotiations and collapse.

Ø     Boipatong - Waddington Report

Ø     Bisho massacre - Gqozo

Ø     Rolling mass action / stayaways

Ø     Goldstone Commission working.

Ø     Percentages 75% veto threshold for items to be included in a Bill of Rights and a 70% veto threshold for items to be included in a constitution.

Ø     Compromises made by both sides.

Ø     Continuing and increasing violence and crime.

Ø     UN debate on SA SA government came out of it fairly well.

Ø     Record of Understanding (December)

Ø     The 'channel' Roelf & Cyril, i.e. negotiations continued even after the collapse of CODESA.

Ø     The role of the police: competence, complicity in violence.

Ø     Were Mandela & De Klerk in control of their constituencies?

Ø     The poor state of black education integration of schools.

Ø     Buthelezi as a spoiler.

Ø     The role of COSATU in the alliance.

Ø     Self defence units out of control hijacked by criminal elements (statement by Hani).

Ø     CP fragmenting: Koos v d Merwe expelled, Andries Beyers started new party, the Afrikaner  Volksunie (AVU).   (Andries Treurnicht:  "We are living in interesting times")

Ø     Tutu: We cannot blame apartheid for everything, we must look to ourselves.

Ø     The ANC says that the government have had a two pronged policy since 1990, the olive branch of negotiations on the one hand and a campaign to destabilise the ANC in the townships on the other.

Ø     Joe Slovo's 'Strategic Perspectives" the sunset clauses proposed.

Ø     "The government is discredited and divided, the military may mutiny, Buthelezi wants secession and APLA threatens a race war. De Klerk fiddles while South Africa burns."

Ø     Quote from The Star, December 1992.

Ø     Firing/retiring of senior Police officers as a result of the Steyn Report.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.