About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1993

Ø     Assassination of Chris Hani and the consequences.

Ø     "The balance of power shifted to the ANC last week. Nelson Mandela, not de Klerk, issued a televised appearance for calm, a tacit admission that only Mandela could prevent the descent into chaos. De Klerk controlled the state, Mandela controlled the nation."

Ø     Death of Oliver Tambo.

Ø     Patriotic Front ANC, PAC

Ø     Formation of COSAG (Concerned South Africans Group) right wing parties, homelands.

Ø     APLA violence and APLA's relationship to the PAC

Ø     (King Williamstown killings, St James' Church shootings (June), restaurant attacks, farm attacks, Amy Biehl murder, etc.)

Ø     Arrest of 73 APLA members.

Ø     Emergence of Constant Viljoen as a leader of the right wing Freedom Alliance.

Ø     Interim constitution passed.

Ø     The putting in place of the mechanisms of the TEC.

Ø     Election date fixed for April 27th 1994.

Ø     Buthelezi 50/50 possibility of civil war, still staying out of things.

Ø     The Zulu 'card' and the Zulu King.

Ø     Loss of support for De Klerk & NP.

Ø     "Dr Cyril Meyer"  (Colin Eglin)

Ø     "The government is discredited and divided, the military may mutiny, Buthelezi wants secession and APLA threatens a race war. De Klerk fiddles while South Africa burns." (The Star)

Ø     Challenges that will face the new government in the next 5 years.

Ø     Violence, third force involvement, ineffectiveness of Peace Accord.

Ø     AWB storming the World Trade Centre.

Ø     Discussions on the single ballot for 1994 election.

Ø     Constitutional Court power to appoint judges in hands of one person only.

Ø     Contralesa traditional leaders.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.