About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

Mapumulo, Shadrack

Mapumulo was a prisoner on Robben Island. He was one of the people who assisted in Maharaj's escape from South Africa in 1977. He was killed in Swaziland in a raid by South African forces.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.