About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

Viljoen, Constand

1933 -

Viljoen was born in Standerton, Mpumalanga Province. He joined the army in 1954 and obtained a B.Sc (B.Mil) degree from the University of Pretoria in 1955. He became Chief of the South African army in 1977, and Chief of the South African Defence Force in 1980. In 1985 he retired.

In the early 1990s he came out of retirement and together with other Generals formed the Afrikaner Volksfront, and subsequent to that, the Freedom Front political party, which he led in parliament until 2001.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.