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This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

Robben Island: prerelease assessment

WELFARE REPORT

SATHYANDRANATH   RAGUNAN   MAHARAJ

(a)     D  E  T  A  I  L  S

ADVICE No. : 1/5868

SERIES No. : 1846

RACE: INDIAN

AGE : 41 Years

HIGHEST ACADEMIC QUALIFICATION : B.A.  +  B. ADMIN

DATE: 18-12.1964

PLACE: Supreme Court Johannesburg

OFFENCE: Sabotage

SENTENCE: 12 years imprisonment

DATE OF RELEASE: 17 DECEMBER 1976

(b)     B A C K G R O U N D

The abovementioned, together with four (4) others, was charged with  sabotage (actual).  Conspired to commit sabotage; transgression of Act 8/63 in that they received and paid out money to a company contrary to certain laws of the country and are  also charged that they belong to a banned organization.  They blew up post offices, The Fort, and railway lines and were in possession of explosives, weapons and ammunition.

He was born in Newcastle and received a good upbringing and university education.  He actively participated in sabotage, is an acknowledged commissar, and has visited countries behind the iron curtain for training.

(c)     P E R S O N A L  C O N D U C T

He is one of the leaders group and is kept in the single section.  During 1972, he tried to persuade a guard to obtain a Regulations Book for him without seeking permission for this by going through the correct channels.  During 1973 he tried to convince a guard to let him have a newspaper while he was in Cape Town undergoing medical treatment.  On 17 January 1974, he defied a lawful order and was sentenced to 5 day's solitary confinement as well as dietary punishment.  (It is a copy of this charge sheet that later appeared in the publication "Sechaba".)  On 27 April 1975, he was also involved in an incident with Sergeant Swart and Warder Denton.  During recent counseling in January 1975, he was rude and wanted to walk out when he was questioned about his present attitude towards his crime.  His conduct is generally poor.

(d)     A C T I V I T I E S  I N S I D E  P R I S O N

The prisoner has, since his incarceration in prison, obtained a B.A degree from the University of London.  He is also a registered student for an LLB degree.  He is exceptionally intelligent and has already a B. Admin degree that he achieved while he was a prisoner.  He is currently reading for a B.Sc degree and is registered this year for Mathematics II, Mathematical Statistics II and Applied Mathematics IB.  He currently serves as shoemaker in the single section.

(e)     G E N E R A L

He writes regularly and regularly receives letters.  Since his incarceration to date he has received the following visitors:

Date of Visit     Visitor     Relationship

09.10.65     S. Maharaj     Brother

16.01.66     O. Maharaj     Wife

17.04.66     T. Maharaj     Wife

10.07.66     T. Maharaj     Wife

16.10.66     O. Maharaj     Wife

14.01.67     O. Maharaj     Wife

15.04.67     S. Maharaj     Brother

24.06.67     O. Maharaj     Wife

13.01.68     O. Maharaj     Wife

27.07.68     O. Maharaj     Wife

04.01.69     J. Singh     Wife's brother's brother in law

29.03.69     O. Maharaj     Wife

18.05.69     M. Naidoo     Wife's family with whom he
     lived previously

29.11.69     O. Maharaj     Wife and
A. Suminthra     Mother

21.06.70     O. Maharaj     Wife

28.11.70     O. Maharaj     Wife

05.12.70     O. Maharaj     Wife

28.08.71     O. Maharaj     Wife and
S. Maharaj     Mother

01.07.72     O. Maharaj     Wife

22.09.73     O. Maharaj     Wife

25.12.73     S. Maharaj     Mother and
A. Maharaj     Niece/cousin

29.12.73     V. Maharaj     Nephew/cousin

05.01.74     S. Maharaj     Mother and
A. Maharaj     Niece/cousin

14.12.74     S. Maharaj     Mother and
O. Maharaj     Wife

17.05.75     G. Maharaj     Brother

Prisoner Maharaj has only one eye (his left eye was removed) and is undergoing on-going medical treatment for a neck injury.  His attitude is to do as little as possible and to incur as much medical expenses for the state as he possiblt can.  His medical record in this respect speaks for itself.

He does not believe in religion or a Creator – he believes in the Theory of Evolution of Charles Darwin and says that everything has already been scientifically proven.

(f)     S U M M A R Y

The prisoner will not easily abandon his principles and ideals.  The period that he has been in prison has only fuelled his hatred for the government.  He is not well disposed to the Government's policy and perseveres with his opinions.

He ties himself irrevocably to his crime and will never change his opinion.  He associates with other leaders outside in his beliefs and is also linked to left wingers.  For example, the charge sheet against him during a disciplinary hearing appeared in the magazine "Sechaba".  This magazine is the mouth piece of the A.N.C. abroad.

(g)     C O N C L U S I O N S

This man will create whatever problems he can for the government.  He will need to be under strict supervision upon his release.  He poses a great potential danger to the peace and safety of the country after his release.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.