This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Foundation, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.
List of Abbreviations
All African Convention.
Anti-Apartheid Movement of Great Britain.
American Federation of Labour - Congress of Industrial Organnisation.
All Indian Federation.
African Mine Workers Union.
African National Congress, South Africa's premier national liberation organisation, founded in 1912. Ruling party since the first democratic elections in 1994.
Anti-Coloured Affairs Department.
African People's Democratic Union of SA, an offshoot/breakaway of the Non European Unity Movement. Now defunct.
African People's Organisation.
African Resistance Movement, sucessor to the National Liberation Committee, established in 1961, became defunct by 1964.
African Students Association.
Afrikaanse Studente Bond. (organisation of Afrikaner students)
African Students Union of South Africa.
Azanian People's Organisation.
Azanian Students Movement.
Black Allied Workers Union.
Black Consciousness Movement.
Bantu Investment Corporation .
Black Parents' Association.
Black People's Convention.
Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America.
Council of non-European Trade Unions, founded in 1940 and dissolved in 1955 when SACTU was founded.
Congress of Democrats (also known as SACOD), founded in 1955. A constituent member of the Congress Alliance headed by the ANC. Now defunct.
Congress of the People, held in June 1955 at Kliptown near Johannesburg where the Freedom Charter was adopted.
Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA), founded in 1921, banned in 1950. Reconstituted in 1953 as the South African Communist Party (SACP).
Coloured People's Congress (also known as SACPC), successor to SA Coloured People's Organisation and the African People's Organisation (APO). Member of the Congress Alliance. Now defunct.
Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Coloured Representative Council. Part of the tricameral parliamentary.
Dutch Reformed Church.
Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda.
National Front for the Liberation of Angola.
Federation of Free African Trade Unions of South Africa, founded in 1960 .
Front for the Liberation of Mozambique.
International Confederation of Free Trade Unions.
Industrial and Commercial Workers Union founded in 1917.
Industrial Development Corporation.
International Labour Organisation.
International Socialist League.
Liberal Party of South Africa.
Music, Drama & Literature Association.
Umkhonto weSizwe, the military wing of the ANC.
People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola.
Member/supporter of the Nationalist Party, an all-White, Afrikaner party espousing the policy of apartheid.
National Youth Organisation.
National Executive Committee of the ANC.
Non-European Unity Movement.
National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam.
Natal Indian Congress founded by Mahatma Gandhi in 1894.
Natal Indian Youth Congress.
National Liberation Committee. (see ARM)
National Party – all White, Afrikaner-based party which fashioned the policy of apartheid. The ruling party from 1948 to 1994.
National Union of South African Students.
Organisation of African Unity, founded in 1963.
Pan Africanist Congress, founded in 1959.
African Party for the Independence of Guinea and the Cape Verde Islands.
Progressive Reform Party.
South African Congress of Democrats, also known as the Congress of Democrats (COD). Member of the Congress Alliance led by the ANC.
South African Communist Party.
South African Coloured People's Congress (also known as CPC). Member of the Congress Alliance led by the ANC.
South African Coloured People's Organisation (also see SACPC)
South African Congress of Trade Unions, founded in March 1955
South African Development Community
South African Indian Congress, the umbrella body combining the Natal Indian Congress and the Transvaal Indian Congress. Member of the Congress Alliance led by the ANC.
South African Non-Racial Olympic Committee.
South African Student Congress.
South African Students Movement.
South African Students Organisation.
Security Branch of the South African Police (also known as the Special Branch).
Students Health and Welfare Centres Organisation.
Soweto Students' Representative Council.
South West Africa National Union.
South West Africa People's Organisation, founded in August 1957.
Transitional Executive Council of South Africa.
Transvaal Indian Congress.
Transvaal Indian Youth Congress.
British Trade Union Congress.
Trade Union Council of South Africa. Founded in 1954 after the dissolution of the SAT&LC.
University Christian Movement.
National Democratic Union of Mozambique
Union for the Total Independence of Angola.
United Party, once the ruling party and the official opposition party when the NP came to power in 1948 in the all-white parliament of SA. Now defunct.
World Federation of Trade Unions.
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
Young Communist League. Now defunct.
Zimbabwe African National Union.
Zimbabwe African Peoples Union.